[Reading Skills] 22. 단락의 전개방식 - 유형 응용

자연과 벗하여 책을 읽기가 좋은 계절이다.

이번 호에서는 '문학으로의 초대'라고 할 수 있는 글을 골랐다.

이 글은 영문 에세이의 전형적인 구조에 따라 쓰인 짧고 쉬운 비평이다.

불운한 천재 시인이자 소설가 Edgar Allan Poe의 특징에 관한 글로,단락별로 '서론-본론-결론'이 짜임새 있게 전개되어 있다.

이 지면을 통해 Poe의 표현 특징을 알아보고 여러분 스스로 'The Tell-Tale Heart'를 찾아 읽게 된다면 이 칼럼을 쓰는 보람을 한층 더 느끼게 될 것 같다.

비평을 읽기 전에 '14회,글의 구조를 알면 이해도 빠르다'에서 다루었던 글의 구조에 대한 학습 기억을 되살려보고 분석을 시작하자.

주어진 글에 대한 지시문을 읽고 아래 지시 사항에 따라 이번 회의 글을 분석해 보라.

<지시 사항>

1.각 단락의 주제문을 찾고,단락의 특징을 찾아보자.

2.서론-본론-결론을 나누어 보자.

3.글 전체의 주제를 써보자.


- Edgar Allan Poe -

[1] Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. Poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader's imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. His use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. Poe's short story "The Tell-Tale Heart" is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man's heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusses the old man's absence with the police. In "The Tell-Tale Heart," a careful reader can observe Poe's skillful manipulation of the senses.

[2] The sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. In "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: "His room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness…." Poe used the words "black," "pitch," and "thick darkness" not only to show the reader the condition of the old man's room, but also to make the reader feel the darkness." "Thick" is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in using it, Poe stimulates the reader's sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight.

[3] Further on in the story, Poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. The youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man's room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. Poe writes: "So I opened it [the lantern opening]-you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily-until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye." By using the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word "shot," Poe almost makes the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the young man describes as "the vulture eye."

[4] The reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. In the second paragraph of "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe establishes the young man's obsession with that blind eye when he writes: "He had the eye of the vulture-a pale blue eye, with a film over it." This "vulture eye" is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as does the young man. His use of the vivid, concrete word "vulture" establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable.

[5] "Thick darkness," "thread of the spider," and "vulture eye" are three images that Poe used in "The Tell-Tale Heart" to stimulate a reader's senses. Poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. He used concrete imagery rather than vague abstract words to describe settings and people. If Edgar Allan Poe was one of Stephen King's teachers, then readers of King owe a debt of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories.



이제 <지시 사항>대로 글을 분석해 보자.

1.단락 [1] 세 번째 문장은 글 전체의 도입부이고,주제문에서 앞으로 다루게 될 내용을 약술하고 있다.

단락 [2] 두 번째 문장과 단락 [3] 첫 번째 문장,단락 [4] 마지막 문장이 구체적인 예를 들어 Poe의 표현력의 특징을 설명하고 있다.

단락 [5]에서는 두 번째와 세 번째 문장이 주제문이다.

2.서론은 단락 [1],본론은 단락 [2],[3],[4],결론은 단락 [5]이다.

3.글 전체의 주제를 써 보자."Poe는 독자가 실제처럼 느낄 수 있게끔 구체적인 이미지를 떠올리게 하는 어휘를 사용했다."

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